3 Necessary Preparatory Work – Architectural Companies
The acquisition of the architect is the first concrete and important step in the development process. Already at this level decisions are made that can have great economic and quality significance. Therefore, it is important to make a good preparation so that one gets the most out of the competition. Well-planned and precise competitions, regardless of the form of competition, provide the best starting point for the solutions to be developed. At the same time, the risk of conflicts is reduced both during the evaluation and during the process.
Since the competition is to form the basis for later purchase of the architectural services, it is important to be precise about what it is actually competing for.
Required clarifications will be, for example:
– Is it an area plan, building or both?
– What kind of building or what type of plant?
– Do you want competition for a complete project, or just about an idea proposal?
– should the providers base the proposals on a detailed space program or on a more rough-meshed function description, with the desired gross area?
– Which architectural subjects should be acquired? (Building architect, landscape architect, interior designer)
Precise answers to such questions will depend on different local conditions: plan status in the area, how realistic it is that the building case is actually to be carried out, the desire for participation and roles in the future process, etc. The questions should be answered in the form of an overall program so that the “object” for the competition is indisputable and easily understandable to the participating architects. For a building proposal competition, in most cases it would make sense to develop a relatively detailed space program. Through a program process, which must be done sooner or later in any case, ordering itself becomes more aware of its actual needs, necessary room sizes and technical requirements, and can thus better define the project’s financial framework.
Public clients are responsible for buildings with a number of different users, such as. teachers in school buildings or nurses in retirement homes. It makes sense to include the user perspective early, eg. when preparing a space program for competitions on building proposals.
In a construction project, many decisions are made along the way, and changes are often made in relation to what one originally thought. After completion and use, there may be a need for changes to, or additions to, what was included in the original acquisition. It can therefore be considered to be advantageous to include a change / additional work in the procurement, so that such work must not be illuminated separately and that it can also be carried out by the original architect. This can be designed as an option that the client can choose to utilize, where either the estimated amount and / or time period is defined.
In that case, this option must be priced by the providers in the competition and the most practical will probably be that an hourly rate is given for such change / additional work.
Define the main goals of the project and process
In addition to defining the “object” for the competition, it is also necessary to define goals for the project and the process after the completion of the competition. Such project goals are always complex, as a result of discussion and prioritization of:
- Cost : Many buyers will initially think that low cost, both for the competition and the final project, is the overriding goal. At the same time, building experts know that it is very difficult to determine the final cost at an early stage. It is also important that lifetime costs are discussed, not just the investment costs. Often, ordering will want desired changes with cost impact along the way. Projects with an early defined “fixed price” will, in most cases, give orders less action space in the process, and limited opportunity for participation.
- Time : In some projects, eg. school building, the time aspect can be very important.
Nevertheless, we see that the overall progress in practice is dependent on a number of uncertain and unpredictable conditions, related to planning basis, case processing, market situation, etc. The project’s progress is rarely dependent on the type of competition chosen.
- Quality: In practice, the quality of the project, not least from the users’ and the public’s point of view, will always be decisive for the project’s reputation. Quality can be linked to the functional solutions, aesthetic form and material use, freedom of maintenance, lifetime costs and sustainability. In many cases, it will be important that building proposals allow for innovation and are sufficiently elastic for changes in the planning process and later.
By conducting and concluding thorough target discussions, the commissioner has laid an important foundation for exciting and good competition, and for the evaluation of any project proposals.
After defining the “object” and the main goals of the competition, the ordering company can make the choice of the form of competition, see chapter 4.
Define contract strategy
In the planning of the competition, the contractor must also choose the contract form for the assignment, which must be highlighted in addition to the procurement procedure, qualification requirements and award criteria. He must take a position on the benefits to be delivered, contractual provisions, distribution of responsibility and possibly for contract form. The choice of contract strategy is of great importance to which the market is reached. Balanced terms, e.g. based on standard contracts, will reduce the risk of conflict. Unpredictable terms increase the interest of the rogue and increase the risk of cost growth. If the contract offered is an unreasonable transfer of risk, it will mean that providers either do not participate or make reservations and they may have to reject those that would otherwise have been well-qualified providers. Phoenix Excavating and DemolitionRead More →
You have not started making your home yet, but you and your partner have already imagined it thousands of times. Maybe you are one of those who want a huge house: “total, once you get in, there will be little difference!”. Or maybe you prefer something tiny because: “bigger than the little apartment where we live now is always going to be!”
Whatever your case, you are wrong. Things have to be done well and in their proper measure. And the first step to do well is to know how much money you can have and calculate how many square meters you can afford in your home.
Why Do I Need To Calculate The Square Meters That My Home Will Have?
In a previous article, I told you about the price ratios per square meter of built housing. These real execution prices were around $ 900 / m2 and around $ 1300 / m2 if we also include all costs (taxes, licenses, project, hooks, technicians, notary …). In the garage areas, storage rooms or terraces this ratio would be approximately 50%.
Unless you have a lot of money, you want to know how many square meters your house will have. So you can estimate what it will cost you.
There Are Two Main Ways To Save Money In The Execution Of Your Home:
2.- Optimizing and reducing surfaces. If you get a room with 12 m2 instead of 13 m2, you will be saving yourself, about $ 1300.
How do I optimize the square meters?
Decide how many stays you really need
That does not work: with 3 rooms they come to me, but better I’ll do 4 “just in case”. That “just in case” can be 10 m2 or, which is the same, 13000$.
It is better to design multi-purpose rooms.
You have 2 children (or you want to have them). Maybe you’re interested in a room where you can put twin beds and another room for a toy room. When they grow up, they will not need a toy room, but they will want a single room for each one. Well, they are reconverted. Better than to do directly 3 stays.
Do you really need 3 bathrooms? The same serves a general toilet and then, in the night area, 2 bathrooms. The difference can be 2 square meters. And beware, bathrooms are the most expensive rooms in the house.
Decide Which Stays You Will Prioritize
Do you want to eat in the kitchen? If “no”, then do not design a kitchen with a surface to put a table where 6 people eat. Just remember to put it very close to the living room and be able to access it comfortably.
Do you really want a large terrace? If you are convinced to eat there in summer, do it. If you’re not, it might be better to leave that porch for the future.
Remember: think about what you give priority to . You can not give priority to everything, because if you do, the word loses its meaning. In addition, it is more than possible that you do not have infinite money.
And if you fancy a dressing, you do it. And period. But you do it because you want it and you will use it, not “just in case”.
A pool takes up a lot, and the rooms were huge. To this day, years later, neither of them has planned to place the pool. Yes, their priorities changed (it’s normal and common), and billiards was in the background.
What is the problem? that the room was optimized superficially to take it. If it does not, it’s m2 (which is $) that could have been saved or invested in other things.
What Is A Useful Surface And What Is The Constructed Surface?
Well, we have already decided the rooms we will have, and whether they will be large, small or medium. These surfaces are useful surfaces.
However, all that is built is the constructed surface. It is the area delimited by the outer perimeter of your house.
There are elements such as partitions, enclosures, pillars … that occupy a built surface, but not useful.
At this point, you will have come to the conclusion that the constructed surface that is not useful surface, will be a “ballast” for your economy. It is surface that you are going to pay but, somehow, you will not enjoy it directly. This surface is usually around 20%.
Only in terms of enclosures, today and in the day, the regulations require us to have minimum qualities (which, to my way of understanding is totally logical), according to which it is very difficult to lose 40 cm of thickness. If we had a perimeter of 50 meters, we would be talking about 20 m2 of non-useful built surface.
There is also a surface that, although useful and necessary, can not be used 100%. It is about surfaces of passage and encompasses the surfaces of corridors, hall, stairs, etc. A good design will minimize these surfaces in favor of the surface of the other rooms.
You should know that if you have many rooms or very large rooms, the distribution of the plant is very damaged, requiring many areas of passage. That is why it is very crucial to optimize the number of rooms and their surface.
For example, if you pass the 130 m2 of housing, it is possible that it is better to make the house on two floors instead of one. This implies that you will need to make stairs that will occupy about 7 square meters. 7 square meters of surface that are “lost” in each of the two floors. If, on the other hand, you decide to do it in a single floor, you will need a lot of passage surface to reach all the rooms, besides the design will have to be optimal so that all the rooms have their facade part with natural light.
Before following basic design recommendations , you should know how much money you can have to make your home. Based on that, you should estimate the rooms you really need, which of them you want to prioritize and calculate: the useful area of all of them, and the constructed area of the whole.
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